Sonography is a medical technique that uses high-frequency sound waves, often known as ultrasonic waves, to bounce off bodily parts and produce an image. Sonographers who have received training in collecting and analysing these images do these examinations.
Doctors diagnose and treat many medical disorders with the help of these images. A skilled specialist can identify, quantify, and measure the structures in the image; if you want in-depth information about sonographers, you can read more here. This examination is also known as ultrasound or sonogram.
Below is all the vital information that you must know about sonography.
What Is The Purpose Of Sonography?
Sonography records a real-time image of internal organ activity. Like a camera, it captures live images of bodily functions or processes. To assist in diagnosing some medical diseases, it is helpful to assess the shape, density, and size of tissues. Sonography imaging has been excellent for viewing the abdomen without having to cut it open.
What Does A Sonographer Do?
A transducer is a device the sonographer uses to move over an area of your body. The transducer can transmit and receive sound; therefore, it functions like a loudspeaker and a microphone. High-frequency sound waves are emitted into the body, which are detected as they reflect off interior organs. The different body structures uniquely reflect these sound waves. A computer analyzes the reflected sound waves to produce an image of the structures that can be recorded on hard copy images or displayed on a monitor.
A diagnostic medical sonographer’s tasks and responsibilities include:
- They use the imaging equipment and assess images to ensure they are accurate and diagnostically useful.
- They recognize normal and abnormal imaging images, relay a summary to doctors or other medical experts, and warn doctors of essential issues.
- They educate patients throughout the process and prepare people for treatments.
- They review the patient’s medical history, log the findings of imaging tests in the patient’s file, and coordinate the patient’s care with multiple clinics or hospital departments.
Sonographers specialising in diagnostic medicine work with physicians, nurses, and patients of all ages, from newborns to the elderly.
What Issues Can Sonogram Detect?
A sonogram can detect the following issues:
Identify Musculoskeletal Issues
It can identify difficulties with joints, blood vessels, soft tissues, and nerves that are difficult for X-rays to pick up on. It mainly aids in the diagnosis of muscular disorders.
Problems Relating To The Cardiovascular System
A sonogram can be used to assess vascular blood flow. It can identify blood clots, arterial obstructions, and vascular plaque.
An ultrasound scan can identify several digestive and abdominal conditions, such as gallstones, liver cancer, cysts, fatty liver, and abnormal spleen enlargement.
Breast examinations are also done during sonogram scans. The primary purpose is to check for breast tumours and abnormalities. With the help of this scan, the health provider can easily estimate the lump’s size.
There are thyroid sonogram scans that can assess an underactive and overactive thyroid gland. A sonogram is used when a thyroid function test is incorrect.
The fetus’s growth and heartbeat can be monitored during pregnancy, which is its most frequent use. It is used to observe the ovaries and uterus and keep track of the baby’s health.
Any medical issues, from tumours to kidney stones, can be evaluated, diagnosed, and treated with a sonogram. A sonogram is a rapid and painless procedure that records a live image of the target area. Sonography typically lasts no longer than thirty minutes from beginning to end.